'''Lillian Florence Hellman''' (June 20, 1905 – June 30, 1984) was an American dramatist and screenwriter known for her success as a playwright on Broadway, as well as her left-wing sympathies and political activism. She was blacklisted after her appearance before the House Committee on Un-American Activities
(HUAC) at the height of the Second Red Scare|anti-communist campaigns
of 1947–52. Although she continued to Broadway theatre|work on Broadway
in the 1950s, her blacklisting by the American film industry caused a drop in her income. Many praised Hellman for refusing to answer questions by HUAC, but others believed, despite her denial, that she had belonged to the Communist Party.
As a playwright, Hellman had many successes on Broadway, including ''Watch on the Rhine (play)|Watch on the Rhine
'', ''The Autumn Garden
'', ''Toys in the Attic (play)|Toys in the Attic
'', ''Another Part of the Forest
'', ''The Children's Hour...